Here is a table of image formats ImageMagick can read and/or write. Support for some of the formats are delegated to libraries or external programs. README mentions where to find these distributions.
 

 
Tag Description Notes
AVI Audio/Video Interleave image file  
AVS AVS X image file  
BMP Microsoft Windows bitmap image file  
CGM Computer Graphics Metafile requires ralcgm; read only
CMYK Raw cyan, magenta, yellow, and black samples set -size and -depth to specify the image width, height, and depth
DCM Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine image file format read only
DCX ZSoft IBM PC multi-page Paintbrush file  
DIB Microsoft Windows bitmap image file  
DPX Digital Moving Picture Exchange  
EPDF Encapsulated Portable Document Format  
EPI Adobe Encapsulated PostScript Interchange format requires Ghostscript to read
EPS Adobe Encapsulated PostScript file requires Ghostscript to read
EPS2 Adobe Level II Encapsulated PostScript file requires Ghostscript to read
EPSF Adobe Encapsulated PostScript file requires Ghostscript to read
EPSI Adobe Encapsulated PostScript Interchange format requires Ghostscript to read
EPT Adobe Encapsulated PostScript Interchange format with TIFF preview requires Ghostscript to read
FAX Group 3  
FIG TransFig image format requires TransFig
FITS Flexible Image Transport System  
FPX FlashPix Format requires FlashPix SDK
GIF CompuServe graphics interchange format 8-bit color
GIF87 CompuServe graphics interchange format 8-bit color (version 87a)
GPLT Gnuplot plot files requires gnuplot3.5.tar.Z
GRADIENT Gradual passing from one shade to another specify the desired shading as the filename (e.g. gradient:red-blue 
GRANITE Granite texture.  
GRAY Raw gray samples set -size and -depth to specify the image width, height, and depth
HDF Hierarchical Data Format requires HDF4.1r2.tar.gz
HISTOGRAM Histogram of the image  
HPGL HP-GL plotter language requires hp2xx-3.2.0.tar.gz
HTML Hypertext Markup Language with a client-side image map requires html2ps to read
ICO Microsoft icon read only
ICC International Color Consortium color profile To read, use -profile with convert
ILBM Amiga IFF  
IPTC Newswire profile To read, use -profile with convert
JBIG Joint Bi-level Image experts Group file interchange format requires jbigkit-1.0.tar.gz
JP2 JPEG-2000 JP2 File Format Syntax requires jasper-1.500.0.zip
JPC JPEG-2000 Code Stream Syntax requires jasper-1.500.0.zip
JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group JFIF format requires jpegsrc.v6b.tar.gz
LABEL text image format specify the desired text as the filename (e.g. label:This is a label 
MAP colormap intensities and indices set -depth to set the sample size of the intensities; indices are 16-bit if colors > 256.
MAN Unix reference manual pages  
MIFF Magick image file format  
MNG Multiple-image Network Graphics requires libpng-1.02.tar.gz
MPEG  Motion Picture Experts Group file interchange format requires mpeg2vidcodec_v12.tar.gz
M2V  Motion Picture Experts Group file interchange format (version 2) requires mpeg2vidcodec_v12.tar.gz
MPC Magick Persistent Cache image file format  
MTV MTV Raytracing image format  
MVG Magick Vector Graphics.  
NETSCAPE Netscape 216 color cube.  
NULL NULL image useful for creating blank tiles with montage
OTB On-the-air Bitmap  
PBM Portable bitmap format (black and white)  
PCD Photo CD the maximum resolution written is 768x512 pixels
PCDS Photo CD decode with the sRGB color tables
PCL Page Control Language write only
PCX ZSoft IBM PC Paintbrush file  
PDB Pilot Image Format read only
PDF Portable Document Format requires Ghostscript to read
PGM Portable graymap format (gray scale)  
PICT Apple Macintosh QuickDraw/PICT file  
PIX Alias/Wavefront RLE image format read only
PLASMA plasma fractal image. Specify the base color as the filename (e.g. plasma:blue-yellow). Use fractal to initialize to a random value (e.g. plasma:fractal 
PNG Portable Network Graphics requires libpng-1.02.tar.gz
PNM Portable anymap use +compress to produce ASCII renditions
PPM Portable pixmap format (color)  
PREVIEW show a preview an image enhancement, effect, or f/x specify the desired preview with the -preview option)
PRINT Send image to your computer printer  
PS Adobe PostScript file requires Ghostscript to read
PSD  Adobe Photoshop bitmap file  
PS2 Adobe Level II PostScript file requires Ghostscript to read
PS3 Adobe Level III PostScript file requires Ghostscript to read
PTIF Pyramid encoded TIFF requires tiff-v3.5.4.tar.gz
PWP  Seattle File Works multi-image file  
P7 Xv's visual schnauzer format  
RAD Radiance image file  
RGB Raw red, green, and blue samples set -size and -depth to specify the image width, height, and depth
RGBA Raw red, green, blue, and matte samples set -size and -depth to specify the image width, height, and depth
RLA Alias/Wavefront image file read only
RLE Utah Run length encoded image file read only
SCAN Import image from a scanner device requires SANE Specify the device name and path as the filename (e.g. scan:mustek:/dev/scanner 
SCT  Scitex Continuous Tone Picture image file  
SFW  Seattle File Works image file  
SGI Irix RGB image file  
SHTML Hypertext Markup Language with a client-side image map write only
STEGANO Steganographic image use -size command line option to specify width, height, and offset of the steganographic image
SUN SUN Rasterfile  
SVG  Scalable Vector Graphics requires libxml2-2.0.0; affine text transformations requires freetype2-current.tar.gz
TGA Truevision Targa image file  
TIFF Tagged Image File Format requires tiff-v3.5.4.tar.gz
TILE Tile image with a texture read only
TIM PSX TIM file read only
TTF TrueType font file requires freetype-2-beta8.tar.gz
TXT Raw text file  
UIL X-Motif UIL table  
UYVY Interleaved YUV use -size command line option to specify width and height
VICAR   read only
VID Visual Image Directory  
VIFF Khoros Visualization image file  
WBMP Wireless bitmap image file support for uncompressed monochrome only
WIN Select image from or display image to your computer screen  
WPG Word Perfect Graphic  
WMF Windows Meta File requires libwmf
X Select image from or display image to your X server screen  
XC Constant image of X server color set -size and -depth to specify the image width, height, and depth
XBM X Windows system bitmap, black and white only  
XPM X Windows system pixmap file (color)  
XWD X Windows system window dump file (color)  
YUV CCIR 601 4:1:1 file use -size command line option to specify width and height

 

On some platforms, ImageMagick automatically processes these extensions: .gz for Zip compression, .Z for Unix compression, .bz2 for block compression, and .pgp for PGP encryption. For example, a PNM image called image.pnm.gz is automatically uncompressed with the gzip program and the image is subsequently read.


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